Nebuchadnezzar - King of Babylonia - had been the man responsible for the construction of the fabled Hanging Gardens of Babylon, but it turns out that these gardens, if they ever existed, may actually have been sited over 300 miles away from the iconic city.
The scroll was discovered in East Farleigh, in England, buried amongst the wall fillings of what might have been a 3rd or 4th Century AD temple, made of a 2.3in by 3.9-inch lead tablet which had been inscribed, in the manner of Greek and Roman world black magic curses.
The jewellery found with them included twisted-metal necklaces - known as torcs - large bronze brooches decorated with precious coral, also hint at the high status these women must have enjoyed.
This 4,500 year-old - and thus at least 1,000 years earlier than any other yet found - port structure helped extend the domain of the iconic pharoah, in the shipping of copper and other minerals to the rest of the Mediterranean world.
Getting out of life’s mundane routine is never easy. But tiny life adjustments can turn into a powerful avalanche of change.
Hundreds of eggs, shells and nests were found, where earlier only one type of dinosaur egg had been documented in this area - these being the eggs of the species Megaloolithus Siruguei
Described in Icelandic saga as magical gems, in that, when held up to the heavens, would show the position of the sun, even at night - any such navigational aid a possible clue to the Vikings’ reputation as remarkable seafarers,
The May 2012 collected material was infested with a bacteria bearing no resemblance to existing types, according to Saint Petersburg Institute of Nuclear Physics geneticist Sergei Bulat
Some of the surface material on Europa is in fact salt carried up from the moon's liquid interior - which evidence suggests are very much in composition like earth oceans
This new species had apparently long been confused with the much more more widespread, so-called Indonesian owl, because the two species share similar plumage.
Earliest among placental mammals, this creature had a diet of insects, a fleshy nose, a light underbelly in its fur, and a long tail - larger than a mouse, but smaller than a rat.
At the heart of the Karakum Desert, this giant fire-hole, dubbed by locals the door to hell, of fire, is in truth a crater created by an over-eager team of geologists over four decades ago.
The small wingspan and bone structure, led researchers to believe that it would have been able to run around quite easily, but likely not fly, as it sported toes more suitable for walking along the ground.
From these truly ancient fruit and seeds a Russian scientific team have miraculously managed to resurrect an ice-age plant so well that the species - Silene stenophylla - has become the oldest plant ever to be regenerated.
This is the first time this type of teratoma has been found by scientists in an ancient world skeleton, making the find extraordinary.
Scientists from the Scripps Institute of Oceanography at UC San Diego commented that these fascinating giants are very obviously highly adapted to extreme conditions.
The medicine contained a mixture of mineral and plant materials, most abundant ingredients zinc compounds - called calmina, these were as popular in ancient medicine just as they are today.
It would seem that Neanderthal tooth tartar has a story to tell, chemicals and food fragments it contains revealing that our close ancestral relations did indeed gather huddled around fires, which they used to cook and consume plants.
Since Sir John Williams was a skilled surgeon who routinely performed abortions - holding surgeries throughout London at the time the murders were committed - the ripper using the same 6in knife in every murder, then the evidence seems to fit.
Cranial deformation in Mesoamerican cultures was used to differentiate one social group from another and for ritual purpose.
The 2.75 in wide injury extended almost to the spine, having of course cut all the soft tissue on the front of the neck, so that trachea, oesophagus, and large blood vessels, were severed.
This new species releases poison from elbow glands which is then taken into the mouth, and the ensuing bite can prove deadly, simply because it can cause anaphylactic shock in humans, often resulting in death.
It is now believed known how it was was orchestrated, and who indeed created the fake remains of Piltdown man, supposedly discovered in a gravel pit in Piltdown, East Sussex, in 1912 alongside animal fossils and stone tools.
Scientists from Yale and Harvard universities, in naming the new species, combined the Latin Obamadon - Obama's teeth - with gracilis - meaning slender.
The archaeologist team are re-assembling the largest of these nested sarcophagi - it is truly massive, at over 13 ft long, 7 ft wide and 8 ft high - when built it was undoubtedly quite colourful.