Gardening with Nursery Beds: Contract Your Compost Heaps

snerfuStarred Page By snerfu, 8th Sep 2014 | Follow this author | RSS Feed | Short URL http://nut.bz/2rfq79m-/
Posted in Wikinut>Guides>Gardening>Soil

Your garden scheme tells you how good your life is – even those who are hard pressed for time find the odd minute or two to dead head flowers and pull out those stray weeds while waiting for a friend to turn up If you turn the throttle all the way up, compost heaps and fertilizers along side nursery beds make gardening a pleasure. Lot of care is required for preparing your nursery beds as well as compost pits. Different crops have different fertilizer needs.

Blessing that is your garden

Best gardeners are not those who did not have a green thumb but those who keep time and make compost heaps. Perhaps harvesting pearls or mining for even one Diamond could be more problematic. Plants grow according to changes in time and if they keep their finger on the weather, their plants love them. Gardening is more schematic than artistic. Earth has given you more than you could ask for. Of course, if you cannot afford anything fancy, the answer will be just one spade -- that you lean against your fence.

Nursery stage is growing stage

One most important stage in growth of plants is when they are very young and they push out their first two or three leaves. You pass carefully through if you want to stay in the game. At this stage in gardening, they need lot of care and nutrition. A cheerful garden makes you happy all day long. To make things easier, young plants are raised in nurseries. Make your compost heap a matter of necessity rather than convenience by planning what you discard and what you use for composting. All nutritious material, meaning vegetables and meat wastes should go towards composting. However, if you want to go fancy and close your gate with a slam, you can either go the artificial way with fertilizers transfers to enhance garden soil. Keep the plants in neat lines so that flow of water is even.

Making your own boxes

You can use different articles for raising those seeds. Anything that will hold soil will do. For people who do not have major things they must begin by asking around for minimum minor things. In gardening, you will require pots, pans, buckets, polythene bags, mud pots and cardboard boxes. For variations that are more exotic, you will need good understanding of gardening conventions. You can also put sandbox type of constructions in the corner of your garden and fill it with suitable mixture of peat, sand and compost. If you are squaring out in a major way, you will require these following things. Usually you can choose different proportions of the following ingredients.
a) Cattle manure
b) Leaf mold
c) River sand
d) Red earth
e) Charcoal
f) Decomposed aquatic or marsh plants
g) Rotted tree barks in moist state

Getting soil ready with plan in mind

You should proportion your sand. You can close out your minor things if you think you want to stay small. Also, you cannot add too much sand since the water will drain out and roots will shrivel. Another important aspect of gardening is avoiding over use of fertilizer as also watering. And took good care if you are vulnerable to cold weather. Also, sand has negligible if not nil nutrient value. You do not want to worry too much. You must be able to hoe or rake your garden soil without trouble. You want air in the soil since roots breath through these roots and develop. Never, undervalue the power of passing on good news and getting messages from your neighbors. It is mostly worth double your effort. Keep your eye out for pests they could tear your garden into two. Or else, appoint someone else to do it for you. Animals will always be looking for something to munch. It is the way they celebrate. It is your garden, you can protect it or join in the celebration.

Fertilizer in what aspect ratio

Since you do not want to dig holes in your garden, you must prepare a garden plan for whatever kind of garden. Compost pits do not require containers. They need peaceful planning however. So, think about your gardening plan first. Calculate amount of fertilizer required. Weight of your produce will be proportional to amount of nutrients present in the garden soil.

Calculation of requirements

Most of fertilizer measures are given in kilograms per hectare. Now, 1 hectare = 107639 square feet. It means 1 hectare represents a square of side 327.6 feet or thereabout. It could also represent a rectangle measure 250 feet by 450 feet approximately. So, if your garden measures 25 feet x 45 feet you need only one-hundredth of fertilizer required for 1 hectare.
Now 1 ton is 2000 pounds or 907.1 kilograms. So, if the recommendation reads – Apply 100 kg / hectare and you have a 25 feet x 45 feet garden, then you need only 1 kg for your garden.

Never pass artificial norms on

So you decided you would like to stay with one crop. Now lets see what different crops require on an average for a garden 25x45 feet in dimension. Nitrogen tops the list of important nutrient requirements with potassium and phosphorus bringing up the rear. We also need calcium and magnesium in smaller quantities. Obviously, gardens need to be structured so that it pleasing aesthetically and maintains its functionality. You will always have good cheer all around.

Order your requirements

Tomatoes take up first spot in nitrogen requirement 2.57 kg. Projected yield is 987 kg. Potato is next with a requirement of 1.654 kg. You will get 321 kg of potatoes. To grow onions or garlic, you require 1.45 kg. For peas, you must apply 1.3 kg of nitrogen in the fertilizer.
So, if your fertilizer bag has 50 – 12 – 20 printed on it, you will get 50% Nitrogen, 12 % Phosphorus and 20% potassium. If the bag is 60 kg bag, then you get 30 kg nitrogen, 7.2 kg of phosphorus and 12 kg of potassium.
Requirement of phosphorus and potassium for the various crops are given below.
Phosphorus Potassium
a) Tomato → 0.44 kg 3.33 kg
b) Potato → 0.23 kg 2.1 kg
c) Onion → 0.4 – 0.6 kg 1.18 kg

Now prepare the nursery beds. Mud pots with holes at the bottom for proper drainage of excess water are ideal for sprouting small seeds that are expensive. If you are raising tomatoes or potatoes, you can use a big flat box kept slightly inclined to facilitate run off water.

Experience is a great teacher

Prepare the soil separately in a corner of your garden and concentrate. It is not a game anymore it is more than any action movie you ever seen. Get most of the mix from your compost pit where you put in your fish wastes, grass clipping and other vegetable matter. Mix in red soil and sand so that the entire thing is airy with rich color. Preferably, dry out the compost mix thoroughly for a week or two before you begin to mix it. Use the fertilizer in the recommended ratio and use the same for the nursery beds too. Keep on at it until you become proficient. Then you can grow flowers and vegetables in your home garden. Flowers help with pollination.

Last thing is always done first

Proceed with easy steps in gardening. Choose your plants for your kitchen garden. This will tell you how deep the roots will be. First step in gardening is to remove the loose topsoil that has lot of rubbish. Then turn the bottom layer for a depth of 3 – 4 inches. Most of the nutrients will be applied and used only to this depth. Now put your prepared soil on top for 1¾ inch to 2 inches thickness. Remember, nutrients will be lost to atmosphere very fast and so you have to plant your crop and water it immediately. Once the leaves begin to grow, you can move them to the main garden. Pay a lot of attention to your compost pits since they can make your garden grow magnificently. And of course, keep praying.

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Tags

Compost, Fertilizer, Garden, Gardening, Nitrogen, Nursery, Phosphorus, Potassium, Soil

Meet the author

author avatar snerfu
Bachelor, Christian, 53, settled in Madurai, India, like to watch football and tennis on TV. I also have occasional walks but try to read the Bible daily. For amusement, I read the newspaper.

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Comments

author avatar snerfu
9th Sep 2014 (#)

Great going Mr Mark, thanks for everything.

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author avatar Bill Harbin Jr
9th Sep 2014 (#)

I built a small "house" out of concrete blocks with an old window screen on top and in the front for air circulation to make compost. I put kitchen scraps like coffee grinds and vegetable trimmings in it and try to mix green and brown items. It really helped my tomatoes grow well this year, Great information given here.

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author avatar snerfu
11th Sep 2014 (#)

From one gardener to another don't let the crows bite! Just kidding, Phosphorus present in bonemeal and compost is vital for tomatoes.

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author avatar Phyl Campbell
9th Sep 2014 (#)

Wow! I have two black thumbs and am working to keep one plant alive. But y grandmother loved to grow things -- you also seem to be an expert. Great job.

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author avatar snerfu
11th Sep 2014 (#)

Yes, first step is to nourish the little ones when they are just sprouting their first leaves. Ha ha , but it is wonderful feeling to see new growth.

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author avatar Sivaramakrishnan A
10th Sep 2014 (#)

Gardening requires passion and dedication. I salute the farmers for their knowledge. We should remember the source of what we eat and drink. Thanks for a detailed take, Snerfu - siva

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author avatar snerfu
11th Sep 2014 (#)

Mr Siva, there is more to tomatoes than we really expect. And gardening really is about weeding and keeping off pests, the plants will grow if given enough nourishment. Thanks for the lookup Siva.

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author avatar Retired
11th Sep 2014 (#)

Unfortunately, no garden at the moment. I intend to have one soon though, and my aim is to plant vegetables and herbs. Where I live, the ground is so fertile that you don't need to be a master gardener, and horse manure is easy to come by anyway because our local 'taxis' are horse-drawn carriages.

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author avatar snerfu
11th Sep 2014 (#)

Actually it is the wonder that we get doing our little bit in the garden. It is like looking up at the sky and seeing the shades of red that appear, as if by magic. And it is intriguing hearing about those lovely 'taxis'.

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author avatar Delicia Powers
11th Sep 2014 (#)

Preparation is always the hardest part for me...the rest I think of as just lots of fun...thanks snerfu a great article...:0)

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author avatar snerfu
11th Sep 2014 (#)

Your orientation Ms Powers towards everything inspires many more people at Wikinut than you know, especially me. There are people who care and that brings more readership and page views.

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author avatar Mark Gordon Brown
13th Sep 2014 (#)

I do have a compost pile and always intend to use it on the garden, but every summer my job demands more of me and I seem to have less time in the garden than the year previous and thus my compost pile grows.

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author avatar snerfu
13th Sep 2014 (#)

ha ha yes, every gardener always has something more to do just like those who care for animals. Watch your first flower bloom and you will be hooked to gardening more.

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author avatar Ptrikha
15th Sep 2014 (#)

Wow! That is a great article on gardening!

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author avatar snerfu
16th Sep 2014 (#)

Thanks Ptrikha, I like gardening.

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